2nd INCU International Student Conference 2017

“Contemporary Issues and Challenges in Customs Management”


The INCU Baku Regional Office jointly with the Academy of the State Customs Committee of the Republic of Azerbaijan and the State Customs Committee of the Republic of Azerbaijan organized the 2nd INCU International Student Conference with the theme “Contemporary Issues and Challenges in Customs Management”, which was held from 3 to 7 July  2017 in Gusar, Azerbaijan.

Conference Summary

One of the aims of the conference was to provide a platform for sharing research findings, exchanging experiences and developing professional networks and collaborative relationships among the participants including teaching, training and conducting scientific research in the field of Customs.

More than 150 delegates from over 30 countries and representatives of four international organisations attended the conference including two Nobel Prize Laureattes in Economics.

The conference included 6 plenary sessions with some 60 presentations delivered over a 3-day period on a range of topics including:

  • Role of customs management in trade facilitation
  • International practice in customs legislation modernization
  • Best practices in customs
  • Digital Customs/e-Customs, e-trade and customs data analysis
  • Knowledge-based customs education (skills and competencies, etc)
  • Customs to Business partnership.

Chairman of the State Customs Committee of the Republic of Azerbaijan, Colonel-General Professor Aydin Aliyev, President of the International Network of Customs Universities, Professor David Widdowson, Director-General of Uruguay National Customs Directorate, Enrique Cannon, and Georgian Customs Director-General, Vladimir Hundadze delivered opening speeches.


Professor Aydin Aliyev noted that ensuring the independence and security during the globalization period we live in is one of the most important missions. He said that “The Customs Service is one of the main attributes of the independence of each State,” adding that today the Customs Service of Azerbaijan assures the country’s economic security, fiscal policy implementation, prevention of smuggling, plays an important role in facilitating international trade.

The Chairman of the State Customs Committee also pointed out that the Customs Service of Azerbaijan attaches special importance to strengthening cooperation in the field of customs, modernization and improvement of the professionalism of the personnel, and this conference will contribute to the achievement of this goal. Saying that the conference is intended for students studying economics and customs, Professor Aliyev vision is to create unity between Customs and science, and to increase knowledge and experience of young researchers and students.

Enrique Cannon, Director-General of Uruguay National Customs Directorate, said the conference was dedicated to a very important topic such as urgent issues and challenges in customs administrations and he was pleased with it. Mr Cannon also pointed out that customs will continue to play a special role in future of international trade.

In turn, Director-General of Georgian Customs, Mr Vladimir Khodzadze expressed his gratitude for the invitation to the conference and wished it success. He briefly spoke about the situation of international trade , the reforms to be carried out in the customs bodies and the work need to be done to fully respond to the challenges of the modern economy.

The President of INCU, Professor David Widdowson, also expressed his gratitude to the Azerbaijan Customs Academy and Azerbaijan Customs for organising the conference. Professor Widdowson said that INCU International Student Conferences, which have been initiated by the Azerbaijan Customs, have already played an important role in raising the academic standing of the Customs profession.

An honorary guest and a keynote speaker of the conference was Professor Edward Prescott of Arizona State University, Nobel Prize Laureate in Economics. Professor Prescott delivered a lecture on the topic “The Current State of the US Economy”. During the discussion, Professor Prescott made positive remarks on the reforms in Azerbaijan’s economy, the country’s economic potential and its future prospects. He noted that a successful policy has been pursued in the recent years to diversify the economy of Azerbaijan and to develop the potential of the non-oil sector, especially in the field of agriculture.

Another honorary guest and keynote speaker, Professor of the London School of Economics and Political Science, Nobel Prize Laureate Christopher Pissarides, delivered a lecture on “Robots and Action in Artificial Intelligence”. Referring to the threat of artificial intelligence (AI), namely the threat of resulting people’s unemployment and impact of AI onhuman labor, Prof. Pissarides talked about the future of the labour market. He also noted ways to achieve sustainable economic growth in the world are unequivocally implemented by high technology, which in turn creates certain problems in the labor market. Christopher Pissarides emphasized that services to increase productivity should be more efficient leading to cost reduction and product cost optimisation. Comparing the effects of technology on gross domestic product of a number of countries, Prof. Pissarides also pointed out that technology was not applied at the same level in different sectors of the economy of these countries.

The Official Closing of the 2nd INCU International Student Conference was held on 7 July 2017. Head of INCU Secretariat, Dr Mikhail Kashubsky and Chairman of the State Customs Committee of Azerbaijan, Colonel-General Prof. Aydin Aliyev both expressed gratitude to participants and acknowledged success of the INCU International Student Conference and its significant benefits to younger generation of customs researchers and professionals, as well as it’s important role in strengthening international customs cooperation and capacity building.

In addition to working sessions, the conference also included visitings to Guba Genocide Memorial Complex, the WCO Regional Dog Training Center and WCO Europe Regional Office for Capacity Building in Baku and a city tour of Baku.

The conference was attended by representatives from Australia, Austria, Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, Cambodia, China, Georgia, Germany, Hungary, Iceland, Iran, Italy, Kazakhstan, Laos, Lithuania, Macedonia, Moldova, Philippines, Poland, Russian Federation Senegal, Spain, Turkey, Ukraine, the United Arab Emirates, Uruguay, the United States, Uzbekistan and Vietnam. A representative of the World Customs Organization’s Capacity Building Directorate also participated in the conference.

Conference Documents


Conference Presentations

Honorary Speech: The Current State of US Economy Prof. Edward Prescott ENG
Session 1: Role of Customs Management in Trade
“International aspects of oil and gas projects of Azerbaijan” Bakhtiyar Aslanbeyli ENG
“Contemporary issues and challenges in customs management” Prof. David Widdowson
“Customs modernization and the evolving role of customs in border & trade security” Prof. Samuel Carbonel Bautista ENG
“Study on the improvement of Shanghai international trade ‘Single Window’: From the perspective of logistics information quality in enterprise customs clearance” Xifan Yang and Xu Jiao
“Emerging and evolving customs challenges” Colby John Isaac Tunick and Aishwaryaa Dev
“Market penetration and associated risks in the Agricultural Machinery Business” Elmir Brkic, Isabella Walter and Andrea Asanger ENG
“The role of Customs in facilitating trade – electronic customs (digital customs, electronic business and analysis customs data)” Esmaeil Allahdadi
“AEO in EU Customs regulations as the trade facilitation” Jan Lukasz Szczepkowski ENG
“Role of Customs management in trade facilitation” Tran Phu Qui ENG
Session 2: Best Practices in Customs
“Energy Geopolitics” Prof. Brenda Shaffer ENG
“Improvement of Customs declaration procedures in the framework of the functioning of the Eurasian Economic Union” Olga Shishkina RUS
“Key issues and challenges in Cambodia Customs” Tre Noey ENG
“Customs examination of cultural values in the Republic of Belarus” Ihar Sadovski RUS
“Trade Relations between the United States and China” Christina Tran ENG
“Excise controls made together with the Mobile Laboratory of the Expert Institute of the National Tax and Customs Administration of Hungary” Zoltan Gyorgy Kiraly ENG
“The control of movement of weapons and ammunity across the border: the experience of Ukraine” Liudmyla Lisnycha ENG
“The authorized guns at the National Tax and Customs Administration and its predecessors” Dorina Gaspar ENG
“Experience of the European Union on control and adjustment of customs value Experience of the European Union on control and adjustment of customs value” Svetlana Kudriavtceva  
“Activity of the AEO in the framework of the Eurasian Economic Union” Daria Tanchik RUS
“Issues and Challenges” Nguyen Duc Hanh Nguyen ENG
Honorary Speech “Work in the Age of Robots and Artificial Intelligence” Prof. Sir Christopher A. Pissarides ENG
“Challenges and risk management in customs operation” Nghiem Thi Tu ENG
“Comparative analysis of management system of Customs authorities in the states of the Eurasian Economic Union” Juliia Demianova ENG
“Mechanism of attracting investments for the development of Customs infrastructure” Vitalii Razzhyvin ENG
“The place of supply of the Value Added Tax and its changes concerning the Hungarian accession to the European Union” Sandor Pethe ENG
Session 3: Customs to Business Partnership  
“Authorized Economic Operator as a form of partnership between Customs and business in Ukraine” Vira Nemchenko ENG
“Interpreting the Customs-Business cooperation of AEO system of China Customs from Certification Standards” Zhao Chunjun ENG
“The role of GVCs in the contemporary Customs to Business developments” Marija Nikolikj ENG
“Cooperation of Customs administrations with business community” Miraziz Mirakhatov RUS
“Cooperation between Customs administration and business community in commodity trade facilitation. The best practices in Poland” Waclaw Jan Klocek ENG
“Modern technologies of Customs and business partnership” Elizaveta Leonteva RUS
“Investigating the impact of the establishment of cross-border trade Single-Window on the performance of the Islamic Republic of Iran Customs Administration” Fathollah Hassanlouei  
Session 4: International Practice in Customs Legislation Modernization  
“Management of Customs compliance at companies related to international trade in goods” Prof. Wieslaw Czyzowicz ENG
“Organization of Customs control as a priority method of preventing smuggling goods through the customs border” Prof. Sergei Chizhikov and Dr. Boris Kabylinskii ENG
“Reforms of the Ukraine Customs system in the context of european integration processes” Prof. Yevgeni Garmash  
“Customs compliance and economic and legal consequences related to trade in counterfeit goods” Milena Borkowska ENG
“Genesis of the Customs law in the system of EEU” Kazanskaya Anastasia ENG
“Augmented reality glasses for international service business” Prof. Yasel Jose Costa Salas and Pauline Schrott  
“Current problems for Customs valuation of post consignments to European Union” Aneta Maria Kawala ENG
“Improvement of the Customs Service of the Republic of Belarus in accordance with the requirements of time” Tatsiana  Balashova  
Session 5: Digital Customs/E-Customs, E-trade and Customs Data Analysis  
“Network of Everything: Future challenges in Customsmanagement” Akshay Pottathil  
“Turkish experiences and projections in use for digitalization of transit systems” Anil Evmez ENG
“E-trade in the Republic of Macedonia” Ana Mihajlova ENG
“The role of electronic Customs in facilitating the Customs affairs process” Yousef Sharifpour ENG
“Paperless trade in Azerbaijan: recent developments ” Anar Suleymanov ENG
“E-commerce Customs regulation: International experience and prospects of its implementation in Ukraine” Viktoriia Ahapova ENG
“Practice of application of preliminary information exchange systems in the framework of the functioning of the Eurasian Economic Union ” Maksim Pashchenko RUS
“Electronic Customs in the Republic of Macedonia” Kristina Nikolovska ENG
“Information technologies of Customs transit procedure” Irina Petrova  
“E-commerce and intellectual property violation” Aleksandar Parishev ENG
Session 6: Knowledge-based Customs Education (Skills and Competencies, etc)  
“INCU’s Role in international Customs education, research and capacity building” Dr. Mikhail Kashubsky ENG
“Innovative approaches to the training of staff in the Customs sphere” Dr. Valiantsina Ananyeva and Veranika Hliuza  
“Bologna Accords and its realization in the Hungarian customs officers’ education” Dr. Andrea Szabo ENG
“Psychological provision of professional training of Customs officials” Sviatlana Stupish  

Conference Photos